The prostate is an essential part of men. Once suffering from the disease, it will endanger physical and mental health and significantly impact the body. For example, it will affect fertility and increase sexual dysfunction. If it is not treated in time, it will also cause kidney damage, lead to the emergence of uremia, and seriously endanger personal health. However, many men do not know the specific appearance of the prostate, nor do they care about its size. Let‘s learn about the prostate today!
In men's childhood and adolescence, the prostate's size is like an almond. As the age increases, the prostate continues to grow. In adulthood, the bottom of the prostate gradually becomes more expansive, and the lower part develops into a slender prostate apex. It looks like a "chestnut" hanging upside down.
For an adult, the transverse diameter of the prostate is about 4cm; the vertical diameter is about 3cm; the anterior-posterior diameter is about 2cm (usually recorded as 4cm*3cm*2cm on the color Doppler ultrasound), and the weight is about 20 grams, but the size of the prostate varies somewhat.
What is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia(BHP)?
Prostatic hyperplasia is the most common benign disease that causes urination disorders in middle-aged and older men.
BPH is mainly manifested by enlarged prostate volume, bladder outlet obstruction, and various urination problems. In addition, it should be noted that not all enlarged prostates are benign prostatic hyperplasia. Some older men, unfortunately, suffer from prostate tumors and will also have enlarged prostates. Pay attention to the difference.
Why does Hyperplasia Occur, and What is the Harm to the Body?
As for why the prostate enlarges, there are many studies on it, but the reason is still not completely clear. Presently, it is generally recognized that increasing age and testicular secretion of androgens are two critical factors in the pathogenesis of benign prostatic hyperplasia, and both are indispensable.
There are generally no obvious symptoms in the early stage of benign prostatic hyperplasia. After 50, there may be frequent, frequent, incomplete urination. When it increases to a certain extent, residual urine will appear and gradually develop into urinary retention and incontinence. In severe cases, kidney disease may occur. In addition, it is easy to cause infection, hematuria, even inguinal hernia, prolapse of the anus, and internal hemorrhoids.
What is Prostate Atrophy?
Prostate atrophy refers to a disease of prostate degeneration and shrinkage caused by prostate vascular occlusion and tissue adhesion based on fibrosis of the prostate gland.
Why does the Prostate Shrink, and What Harm does it do to the Body?
When prostate inflammation occurs, under the action of inflammation, the capillaries inside the prostate gland close, or the prostate adheres to other tissues such as the surrounding fascia, which will cause the prostate to shrink.
The clinical manifestations of prostate atrophy are diverse. Many patients may have no symptoms, and others will have signs of urinary dysfunction, such as frequent and urgent urination, thin urine line, and frequent urination at night. Some patients with prostate atrophy will experience symptoms of sexual dysfunction, such as erectile dysfunction, premature ejaculation, priapism, hypersexuality, and decreased libido.
The prostate should be paid attention to as it is significant for men. No matter how old a man is, he must develop good living habits, such as not sitting for a long time, not holding back urine, quitting smoking and drinking, avoiding spicy food, drinking more water, and exercising more. In addition, we should pay attention to regular physical examination, especially for middle-aged and older men. It is essential to regularly check prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and have a prostate color doppler ultrasound.
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