is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases in the U.S. This infection is easily spread because it often causes no symptoms and may be unknowingly passed to sexual partners. In fact, about 75% of infections in women and 50% in men are without symptoms.
Clinically, if the male is infected with chlamydia, the following clinical symptoms will occur.
Firstly, pain during urination, often manifested as discomfort in the urethra, itching and stinging, or even burning sensation of the urethra, symptoms are mild or severe.
Secondly, the urethral secretions and redness and swelling, which are often serous or mucopurulent, the amount of secretions is relatively small. If no urination for a long time, or the first urination is in the morning, or there are abnormal urine outside the urethral orifice, this secretion may contaminate underwear, which will seal the urethral orifice, make urethral orifice red and swollen.
Thirdly, if combined with cystitis
, patients can appear hematuria; if combined with epididymitis, they can see swelling and hardening of the testicles, or even pain in epididymis; when combined with orchitis, they can fell painful in the testicle, or abdominal pain and even scrotal edema, as well as changes of vasovasitis.
What happens if men don't receive treatment of chlamydia? Complications of chlamydia are often manifested in epididymitis
, characterized by enlarged epididymis, hardening and tenderness, mostly unilateral, and antibodies in chlamydia are elevated in some patients.
Orchitis can also occur when testicles are involved, manifesting as testicular pain, tenderness, scrotal edema and hardening and coarsening of the vas deferens. When the prostate is involved, blunt pain or tenderness may occur in the posterior urethra, perineum and anus, and sexual dysfunction may also occur.
Because chlamydia often occurs without symptoms, people who are infected may unknowingly infect their sex partners. Many doctors recommend that persons who have more than one sex partner should be tested for chlamydia regularly, even in the absence of symptoms.
Chlamydia infection is similar to mycoplasma infection. Sexual contact is the main route of transmission. At present, antibiotic treatment is the main method of treatment. Patients need to choose sensitive drugs based on drug sensitivity test. For example, from the clinical experience, chlamydia is sensitive to tetracycline, azithromycin, doxycycline and erythromycin.
Sensitive antibiotics are generally effective in treatment. However antibiotic treatment for chlamydia can not bring a complete cure due to drug tolerance and drug resistance.
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