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These 4 Reasons Cause Endometrial Hyperplasia in Women, The Last One Is Unexpected

The endometrium is a mucous tissue that covers the cavity of the female uterus and is one of the most differentiated tissues in the human body. The normal thickness of the endometrium should not exceed 10mm; if it exceeds 12mm, it is considered endometrial hyperplasia. There are many reasons for endometrial hyperplasia. Let's explore some of these causes today.

Endometrial Hyperplasia

Normally, the endometrium of a woman is divided into a functional layer and a basal layer. Typically, the basal layer remains unchanged, while the functional layer changes with hormone fluctuations. When estrogen and progesterone levels increase, the functional layer of the endometrium proliferates; when hormone levels decrease, the functional layer of the endometrium sheds, forming menstruation. Physiological endometrial thickening is a normal physiological phenomenon.

Non-physiological endometrial hyperplasia may be related to various factors:

1. Anovulation

During a woman's adolescence or menopause, when there are pituitary abnormalities or polycystic ovary syndrome, anovulation and absence of menstruation occur, leading to continuous secretion of estrogen and elevated estrogen levels in the body. The endometrium, influenced long-term by estrogen without the opposition of progesterone, affects normal secretion, causing the endometrium to be in a state of prolonged hyperplasia.

2. Endocrine Dysfunction

When a woman develops functional endocrine tumors, these tumor cells not only stimulate the secretion of estrogen but also disrupt the normal functioning of gonadotropins, leading to endocrine dysfunction and consequently endometrial hyperplasia.

3. Estrogen Imbalance

Women experiencing menopausal syndrome often use estrogen medications for treatment. However, prolonged intake of exogenous estrogen can lead to excessive estrogen in the body, causing endometrial hyperplasia and even potentially inducing endometrial cancer.

4. Excessive Obesity

Generally, obese women have higher levels of estrogen in their bodies because fat contains a large amount of aromatase, which can convert certain substances secreted by the adrenal glands into estrogen. The endometrium, long influenced by estrogen, may lead to hyperplasia due to excessive obesity.

In addition to the relatively common causes mentioned above, endometrial hyperplasia may also result from conditions such as intrauterine adhesions and endometrial polyps. Additionally, individual differences and lifestyle habits can also impact the proliferation of the endometrium.

Identifying the cause timely and providing targeted treatment can improve endometrial hyperplasia, thereby enhancing a woman's fertility. For younger patients who wish to have children, treatment with Fuyan Pill can be beneficial. This treatment promotes pelvic blood circulation, regulates menstruation, and improves women's physical condition, effectively managing endometrial hyperplasia. In more severe cases, where there is no desire to have children, surgical treatment is recommended.

For patients with mild conditions, recovery can be achieved through physiological regulation, such as a light diet, avoiding overexertion, and increasing physical activity. Patients should pay attention to a reasonable diet in their daily lives, focusing on foods that are light and rich in dietary fiber and vitamins. It is advisable to avoid consuming spicy, stimulating, and greasy foods. Simultaneously, patients should ensure adequate rest and avoid excessive fatigue to prevent aggravating their condition.

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