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What Are the Effects of Epididymitis on Male Fertility?
Epididymitis is one of the more common male diseases. It seriously endangers male genital health and even affects fertility. Therefore, men should pay great attention to the appearance of epididymitis and cooperate with the doctor in time for treatment.

So how does epididymitis affect male fertility? Epididymitis is a significant cause of sperm antibodies and one of the reasons for infertility.
When the epididymis is inflamed, immune cells and humoral immune substances enter the inflamed epididymal duct, produce an immune response to pathogens, and form antibodies. The immune response forms anti-sperm antibodies, and after the formation of anti-sperm antibodies, there will be spermatogenic azoospermia, which will naturally lead to infertility.
Epididymitis makes men lose their fertility. When the epididymis is inflamed, it will affect the living environment of sperm and reduce sperm motility, resulting in dead sperm, azoospermia, and loss of fertility. And it will also infect the bacteria in women, making them suffer from gynecological diseases.
Epididymitis will significantly affect the epididymis's function and change the epididymis's internal environment, which will affect the maturity of sperm and reduce the fertilization ability. In addition, inflammation often leads to blockage of the epididymal duct and affects the output of sperm. These can cause clinical infertility.
Pathogens often cause incomplete or complete obstruction of the junction between the caudal epididymis and the vas deferens. It is a particularly difficult sequela to reverse. Sperm is blocked in the epididymal duct, leading to obstructive azoospermia or oligospermia.
Epididymitis will cause congestion in the reproductive part of the patient, which will lead to pathological excitation of the ejaculation center of the spinal cord, increasing the number of nocturnal emissions.
Epididymitis will affect sexual life. After men suffer from this disease, it will affect the decline of sexual function, so that men will experience impotence, premature ejaculation, erectile dysfunction, and there is no way to carry out sexual life. In the long run, it will also affect the relationship between husband and wife.
Epididymitis is very harmful to men. Therefore, in daily life, once men suffer from epididymitis, they should actively cooperate with doctors for treatment. Relevant nursing measures should be taken during treatment, and irritating food should not be eaten. The most important thing is not to have intercourse during the illness. Otherwise, it is easy to bring infection to women.
The treatment of choice for epididymitis is antibiotics, such as levofloxacin. Common pathogenic bacteria cause epididymitis in the male reproductive system, such as Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, or Proteus enter the epididymis, thus causing inflammation of the epididymis.
While treating epididymitis, Diuretic and Anti-inflammatory Pill has the main functions of clearing away heat and detoxifying, promoting blood circulation and relieving pain, and diuretic and dredging. It can treat chronic epididymitis well, thereby improving patients' clinical symptoms.
In addition, for long-term epididymitis, especially for patients with epididymal induration, it is possible to consider sending the patient to the physiotherapy department to take warm physiotherapy therapy. It often has a good therapeutic effect on rapid swelling and pain relief.
If drug or physical therapy has no noticeable effect, which has seriously affected the patient's life, and the patient has no need for fertility, epididymectomy surgery can be considered.
It is recommended to increase nutritional supplements for all patients with chronic epididymitis during the treatment period. The diet should be light and easy to digest. They should also avoid prolonged pressure or rubbing of the scrotum and frequent sex.
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