When it comes to sexually transmitted diseases(STDs), many people feel very far away from it. It seems that the disease will only occur in those groups with high-risk. In fact, this is inaccurate, or terrible, understanding.
Drug addiction, high-risk sexual behavior (including homosexual contact) and even general exposure in public are likely to be infected with STDs, thereby endangering the health of them and their family. How much do you know about STDs? What can you do to keep away from STDs?
STDs is a general term for a class of diseases, and its symptoms vary from disease to disease. The following is a brief description of the clinical features of common STDs.
Syphilis is prevalent all over the world. According to WHO, there are about 12 million new cases worldwide every year, mainly in South Asia, Southeast Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa.
In the early stages of syphilis, patients may have ulcers and no pain. These ulcers are called chancre, which is round, small and hard, and people usually have no pain. In phase II of syphilis, patients will have macular papules, which will not cause itching but can cause massive amounts of reddish-brown spots on the skin.
Symptoms include fatigue, muscle soreness, fever, sore throat, headache, lymphedema, alopecia areata, and weight loss. Patients in late syphilis will have skin, bone, nerve, and cardiovascular diseases. Other symptoms of syphilis include muscle stiffness, paralysis, paralysis, progressive loss of vision, dementia.
Male patients often have a large number of purulent discharge from the urethral orifice, urodynia, urgent, and frequent urination. Female patients will have increased vaginal purulent secretions, dysuria, bleeding between periods, or heavy menstrual flow. In addition to the symptoms of the urinary system, pharyngitis, proctitis, ophthalmitis, endocarditis, and encephalitis can also occur.
3. Condyloma acuminatum
The main manifestations are the presence of single or multiple papillary, cockscomb, cauliflower or mass vegetations in genital areas, such as vulva, vagina, and cervix. It is rough on the surface which can multiply with high transmissibility.
4. Genital herpes
Patients may feel consciously itchy or pain at the site of onset (vulva, thigh, or hips). Then erythema, papules, and cluster blisters appeared. Genital herpes often recurs due to fatigue, mental stress, and other factors.
There are five main ways of transmission.
Sexually transmitted diseases are mostly passed through sexual contact, homosexual or heterosexual sexual intercourse is the primary mode of transmission of sexually transmitted diseases.
2. Indirect contact transmission
This situation is relatively rare.
3. Blood-borne transmission
Syphilis, AIDS, gonorrhea can cause pathogenic hemorrhage, if you receive a blood transfusion from people who have those STDs, it can result in transmission infection.
4. Mother-to-child transmission
Syphilis and gonorrhea can be transmitted through mother-to-child transmission.
5. Latrogenic transmission
Insufficient protection of medical personnel, inadequate disinfection of medical instruments, operational errors of organ transplantation, and artificial insemination can all lead to the spread of STDs.
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are easy to bring patients a heavy ideological burden, leading to impotence, premature ejaculation in men, and apathy in women. Secondly, it can cause qualitative lesions in the reproductive system of patients.
If a woman is infected with syphilis, the probability of spontaneous abortion, stillbirth and infant death is 10% and 20% respectively in the second or third pregnancy. Gonorrhea can infect the human body along with the urinary system and induces male epididymitis, which leads to a decrease in sperm activity and number, vasovasitis, and prostatitis, thus affecting male fertility.
Patients can be cured by Diuretic and Anti-inflammatory Pill, which are safe and effective. They are far away from the discomfort and various complications caused by gonorrhea, and will not produce any side effects.
Gonorrhea can also cause inflammation in the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and endometrium of women, affecting female ovulation and fertilized ovum implantation, leading to female infertility. Genital herpes can lead to premature delivery or abortion in 2% to 3% of women. In addition, syphilis, genital herpes, gonorrhea, AIDS, and other sexually transmitted diseases can be transmitted to the fetus, so prenatal examination and treatment are crucial.
What should we pay attention to preventing venereal diseases?
First of all, do not take chances. In the clinic, we often see many people make big mistakes because of the paralysis or impulse of alcohol. Secondly, we should pay special attention to homosexuals. The society should strengthen the correct guidance to the homosexual groups, and enhance the awareness of protection for their general knowledge of science and medicine. Finally, we should pay more attention to the human needs of the elderly and guide them correctly.