How to Determine Whether Ureaplasma Urealyticum Infection Requires Treatment?
If the patient has ureaplasma urealyticum, whether treatment is needed depends on whether it will cause adverse effects.
Ureaplasma urealyticum is a common microorganism in the urinary tract and reproductive tract. Ureaplasma urealyticum, like bacteria on the skin, may be normal in the human body, in both male and female patients, and women are more common than men. Ureaplasma urealyticum is also a genus of vaginal symbiotic bacteria. In addition to mycoplasma urea, there are also Lactobacillus, Rodacillus, Gardnerella, Escherichia coli, etc.
Under normal circumstances, various microorganisms maintain a dynamic ecological balance and do not cause disease. Only when human immunity is low can it cause disease.
Positive Ureaplasma urealyticum does not mean that it has caused the disease, and a considerable number of people are only carriers. If both men and women have no symptoms related to urogenital tract infection, and only ureaplasma urealyticum is positive, they are considered carriers, so ureaplasma urealyticum needn’t be treated without symptoms. However, if Ureaplasma urealyticum is positive with infection symptoms, active treatment is required.
Symptoms of Ureaplasma urealyticum infection
For female patients, if women are infected with ureaplasma urealyticum, they will generally have symptoms such as urethral itching, urinary pain, secretion and flow of the urethral orifice, redness, swelling of the mucosa of the urethral orifice, frequent urination, abdominal pain and burning sensation in the urethral orifice. Ureaplasma urealyticum may cause vaginitis, cervicitis, urethritis, endometritis, salpingitis, oophoritis, pelvic inflammatory disease, and other diseases, and even lead to infertility, abortion, and fetal intrauterine infection.
For men, it may cause the following symptoms:
1. Glans and foreskin infection: When the male glans or foreskin has mycoplasma infection, itching, redness and swelling, and increased secretions will occur.
2. Urinary tract infection: When there is ureaplasma urealyticum infection in the urethra, frequent urination, pain, or poor urination may occur during urination.
3. Infection of the seminal vesicle, epididymis, and vas deferens: When ureaplasma occurs in seminal vesicles, epididymis and vas deferens, symptoms of the wet scrotum and decreased sexual dysfunction may occur. It may also lead to a decline in sperm quality, leading to male infertility.
How to treat ureaplasma urealyticum infection?
The most common treatment for ureaplasma urealyticum infection is antibiotic therapy.
The commonly used antibiotics are azithromycin, erythromycin, etc.; the rare antibiotics are Minocycline. These antibiotics are more sensitive to ureaplasma urealyticum infections, and the effect is generally better, but there are also a few ureaplasma urealyticum that may be resistant to some drugs. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out drug bacterial sensitivity tests for ureaplasma urealyticum. Then determine which drug is effective for the ureaplasma urealyticum, according to the drug sensitivity test results, and then select appropriate antibiotics for treatment.
There are more than a dozen ureaplasma urealyticum that can infect humans. The most common is human mycoplasma and ureaplasma urealyticum secreted from the female reproductive tract. Ureaplasma urealyticum mainly exists around the urethral orifice, vagina, cervical mouth, and urine. The transmission route is mainly sexual contact.
Ureaplasma urealyticum infection can mainly cause nongonococcal urethritis. Most of this ureaplasma urealyticum coexists with the host and does not show symptoms of infection. It will only cause opportunistic infection under certain suitable conditions and is usually combined with other pathogens. When treating ureaplasma urealyticum, azithromycin can be selected for women with a recent birth plan.
If a man tests positive for ureaplasma urealyticum, it is likely to be nongonococcal urethritis, which is likely to reduce sperm quality and cause urethral discomfort. The most effective method is to treat it through oral azithromycin or roxithromycin. You can go to the hospital in time for an examination and choose a suitable treatment plan under the guidance of a doctor.
You may also be interested in: