Is Nongonococcal Urethritis a Sexually Transmitted Disease?
Nongonococcal urethritis is a sexually transmitted disease that presents as urethritis. Unlike gonococcal urethritis, it is caused by bacteria other than gonorrhea, such as Chlamydia trachomatis and Mycoplasma. The number of patients with nongonococcal urethritis is increasing, making it a very common sexually transmitted disease, especially among sexually active young and middle-aged individuals who need to focus on prevention and treatment.
Nongonococcal urethritis has an incubation period, and its early symptoms are not obvious. However, if medical attention is sought in time, it is very controllable. How can patients recognize their condition? Doctors advise patients to judge based on their symptoms.
1. Typical Symptoms. Patients with nongonococcal urethritis exhibit typical symptoms of urethritis, such as abnormal urination and discomfort. Patients may experience frequent urination, urgency, pain during urination, and difficulty urinating. However, overall, these symptoms are generally milder than those of gonococcal urethritis, so patients should pay more attention and take any slight discomfort seriously.
2. Discharge. Most patients may secrete a small amount of mucous discharge from the urethral opening at the tip of the penis after not urinating for a long time or before urinating in the morning. Sometimes it may only manifest as a scab sealing the opening or stains on underwear. Symptoms vary among patients; some may have more discharge that mixes with urine to form pus, while others may not have this symptom.
3. Leading to Other Diseases. Nongonococcal urethritis in men can lead to complications like epididymitis, prostatitis, and seminal vesiculitis, presenting complex symptoms of various diseases. Once the pathogen invades the prostate and testicular tissues and adheres to the surface of sperm, it can directly affect sperm production and male fertility.
In summary, nongonococcal urethritis is a sexually transmitted infection primarily caused by pathogens other than gonococci, commonly Mycoplasma and Chlamydia. Once diagnosed, timely treatment with appropriate antibiotics is necessary to avoid delaying treatment and causing complications.
Both Western medicine and traditional Chinese medicine treatments are effective after the onset of nongonococcal urethritis. Western medicine treatment mainly involves antibiotics, such as tetracycline, doxycycline, erythromycin, and quinolones. However, due to the overuse of antibiotics, many bacterial strains have developed resistance. Therefore, many patients are now choosing traditional Chinese medicine treatment, commonly taking herbal medicine Diuretic and Anti-inflammatory Pill.
How to prevent nongonococcal urethritis?
1. Care for local injuries should focus on keeping the area clean and dry to prevent secondary infections.
2. Advocate for showering instead of bathing in tubs, and avoid sitting directly on seats in public baths; in public toilets, try to use squat toilets as much as possible.
3. Abstain from sexual intercourse during treatment, and if necessary, the partner should also be examined.
4. To prevent nongonococcal urethritis, avoid promiscuity and maintain personal hygiene, as this can reduce most infection opportunities.
5. Avoid unhygienic sexual intercourse and improper sexual relationships. Individuals with genital herpes should absolutely refrain from sexual relations with anyone.
6. Pay attention to hygiene, wash the external genitalia daily, change underwear regularly; avoid using others' basins or swimsuits; washing hands before using the toilet is very important for the prevention of nongonococcal urethritis.
7. When someone in the household has nongonococcal urethritis, the patient's underwear, bed sheets, and any items contaminated with the patient's secretions should be disinfected by boiling or soaking in disinfectant. During the active phase of nongonococcal urethritis, sexual activity should be prohibited to prevent viral transmission. These measures are important for the prevention of nongonococcal urethritis.
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