Trichomonal urethritis, also known as trichomoniasis, is one of the urethritis, which is caused by Trichomonas infection and inflammation, it can affect both men and women. Trichomonas has strong adaptability to the surrounding environment. It likes humidity. It can live for 21 days at 3-5 degrees C, 20-40 minutes at 46 degrees C, and grows prosperously at 25-42 degrees C.
Among them, the prosperity rate is the fastest at 35-37 degrees C and 5-6 degrees pH. Trichomonas can live for about 6 hours in semi-dry and hot surroundings, so they can also spread when they leave the human body.
Trichomonas is commonly parasitic in the urogenital system. During the growth of vaginal wall epithelial cells, the worms consume glycogen, which hinders the lactic acid production by lactic acid bacteria in the vagina, and changes the vaginal pH value from normal acidity to neutral or alkaline. It is suitable for the growth of worms and bacteria, which destroys the so-called self-purification effect of the vagina.
In addition, in vitro experiments showed that the parasite could secrete a variety of factors and play an attachment and contact killing role on host tissues. So how do men get trichomonal urethritis? Women are infected with Trichomonas vaginalis through swimming, bathing, and sexual intercourse, and it parasitized in the vagina, then caused urethral infection, and spread to men through sexual intercourse. In addition to trichomonal urethritis, it can also lead to cystitis and prostatitis.
Symptoms of male trichomonal urethritis
The incubation period of trichomonal urethritis is usually 4-7 days. In severe cases, itching and burning sensation are found in the vulva and inner thighs. At the same time, patients with urinary tract infection, urethritis and cystitis can have frequent and urgent urination, urodynia, and other symptoms and hematuria. The retrograde infection causes pyelonephritis with chills, low back pain, high fever, general discomfort, and gastrointestinal reactions.
Tenderness at the costal spine angle and tapping pain can be found in the physical examination. Symptoms and signs are the same as those of common bacterial urinary tract infections.
In the morning, there will be a little secretion, serous, occasionally purulent around the urethral orifice.
The harm of male trichomonal urethritis
1. Trichomonas can directly swallow sperm.
2. Trichomonas can consume energy substances in semen, reduce the energy source of sperm.
3. Trichomonas infection can cause local inflammation and increase the number of leukocytes. Some proteins and factors produced by leukocytes can affect the development and maturation of sperm.
4. Trichomonas infection causes local toxic chemicals such as reactive oxygen species (ROS) to increase and damage sperm membrane.
5. Surface proteins secreted by Trichomonas impede sperm motility and/or promote sperm aggregation.
6. Trichomonas flagellum secretes cell-dispersing factors, which cause sperm loss and affect its motility.
7. Infecting epididymis and gonad, changing seminal plasma composition, and affecting sperm maturation and living environment concisely.
Treatment of male trichomonal urethritis
When there are both prostate, and seminal vesicle infections, spermatozoa or bloody semen may occur. Patients can massage the prostate once a day and treated with other antibiotics. Sexual life should be prohibited before cured.
If antibiotics and other treatments can not play an effective effect, patients can consider natural medicine Diuretic and Anti-inflammatory Pill for treatment. It can kill bacteria and diminish inflammation, clearing heat and detoxification, activating blood circulation and removing blood stasis. Furthermore, it will not produce side effects but also can improve the human body's defense ability against disease.
Clinically, drinking a lot of water every day and urinating once every 2-3 hours can avoid the reproduction of Trichomonas vaginalis in the urinary tract and reduce the incidence of urinary tract infection, which is the most practical and effective way to prevent urinary tract infection. Therefore, this pollution-free method plays an irreplaceable role in the pre-attack or remission stage of urethritis.
Trichomonal urethritis is harmful, so we need to pay attention to it. Once we find that we have trichomonal urethritis, we must go to the regular hospital for early treatment, so that we can recover as soon as possible.