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How Is Non-gonococcal Urethritis Transmitted?
Non-gonococcal urethritis (NGU) is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by Chlamydia trachomatis and Ureaplasma urealyticum. There are clinical manifestations of urethritis, but gonococcus can not be found in the secretion, and there is no growth of gonococcus in bacterial culture.

 
At present, it has surpassed gonorrhea and ranked first in sexually transmitted diseases lists in America and European countries. The disease has certain infectivity, which not only afflicts itself but also may affect the health of family members. Next, I will introduce several ways of transmission of non-gonococcal urethritis to help you do a good job of prevention.
 
1. Sexual contact
 
Experts pointed out that when people had sexual contact with patients suffering from NGU, warts growing in the external genitalia is protruding and brittle, and the surface is easy to be scratched. The virus in warts and epidermis tissue will fall off and inoculate on the reproductive organ of the sexual partner, resulting in the infection of human papillomavirus, thus leading to the infection of NGU.
 
In addition, the disorder of sexual relations, having sex when they are too young, no protective measures like using a condom, all of these behaviors can increase the incidence.
 
2. Self infection
 
Patients do not pay attention to their own health in life, dirty hands or pollutants will cause pathogens from the reproductive tract spread to the eyes or throat, bringing more pain to themselves.


 
3. Mother to child transmission
 
Pregnant women with NGU, especially those with no obvious clinical symptoms and viral infections in the cervix, will have viruses in the genital tract. During childbirth, the fetus will pass through the birth tract, getting viral infections, which will lead to NGU in infants. In the process of childbirth, the baby's eyes, throat, and vagina will also be infected and even get pneumonia. If the condition is serious, it will endanger the baby's life.
 
4. Latrogenic transmission
 
Iatrogenic infection refers to the patient's exposure to the residual HPV virus of NGU patients when they are examined, operated, injected, or transfused in the hospital. At this time, they may also be infected with NGU, which we call iatrogenic infection. In order to avoid the occurrence of nosocomial infection, we must choose the regular medical institutions instead of small clinics with lax disinfection and poor equipment.
 
5. Indirect contact
 
NGU can be transmitted by daily necessities such as underwear, bathtub, and bath towel. If women wear nylon underpants and don't pay attention to cleaning the vulva, mold, or trichomonal vaginitis is easy to occur. When there is an increased vaginal discharge caused by other infections, local immersion and humidity will provide favorable conditions for the inoculation and breeding of papillomavirus. Scratching the clitoris with contaminated hands or using contaminated towels can also cause infection of NGU.


 
In the acute stage of NGU, the urethra orifice is usually red and swollen, and pain aggravated, especially when urinating, so some patients limit the amount of drinking water in order to reduce urination. On the contrary, patients should drink more boiled water, dilute urine, reduce the pain caused by urine stimulation, and more urination can play a role in washing, cleaning the urethra, and promoting the excretion of toxins in the body.
 
Generally speaking, NGU is mainly treated by taking sensitive antibiotics, but for the current situation of non-standard medication, many patients are not satisfied with the effect of antibiotic treatment. In addition, the incubation period of non-gonorrhea is relatively long, and many patients are easy to ignore the symptoms, thus delaying the treatment. Then there are a variety of pathogens in non-gonorrhea mixed infection, which makes the treatment more difficult and so on.
 
If the results of patients are still positive after antibiotic treatment, it is necessary to consider whether it is a mixed infection or whether the pathogen has developed resistance to antibiotics. At this time, if the treatment of NGU is more difficult, it is necessary to use the traditional Chinese herbal medicine Diuretic and Anti-inflammatory Pill without drug resistance.


 
It has a strong effect of clearing away heat and detoxifying and can be used to treat the infection of various mixed pathogens, turn chlamydia and mycoplasma to negative, which can play an important role in the treatment of urinary tract infection.
 
In addition, the patient's diet should be strictly controlled. Expert suggests that the diet should be light, and patients should try to eat less fat, sweet, greasy, spicy and stimulating food, which will aggravate their condition, and pay attention to balanced nutrition. This disease is different from allergic diseases, and there is no high requirement for the intake of different proteins, such as eggs, milk, fish, and so on.
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