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Women Beware: Five Stages with Higher Risk of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease and Prevention Tips
Pelvic inflammatory disease is inflammation that occurs in the female reproductive organs and their surrounding connective tissue, as well as in the pelvic peritoneum. It includes endometritis, salpingitis, fallopian tube ovarian abscess, and pelvic peritonitis.


Pelvic inflammatory disease not only causes physical pain to women, such as abdominal pain, fever, and lower back pain, but may also affect fertility, leading to severe consequences such as infertility and ectopic pregnancy. But do you know that in these five stages, pelvic inflammatory disease is more likely to occur:

First: Menstrual Period

During menstruation, the endometrium sheds, blood sinuses open within the uterine cavity, and blood clots are present, creating a favorable environment for bacterial growth. Suppose personal hygiene is neglected during this period, such as using unclean sanitary pads or toilet paper, engaging in sexual intercourse, bathing, or swimming. In that case, bacteria can easily invade the reproductive tract, causing PID.

Additionally, overexertion, strenuous exercise, or exposure to cold during menstruation can lower the body’s resistance, increasing the risk of PID.

Second: Postpartum or Post-Abortion

After childbirth, women’s bodies are relatively weak, resistance decreases, and the cervical opening has not entirely closed. The uterine cavity may contain residual placenta or membranes, or prolonged postpartum bleeding may occur, all of which facilitate bacterial invasion and infection. For cesarean sections, if the surgical incision is not sterilized correctly or postoperative care is inadequate, it can also lead to PID.

After an abortion, whether it is induced or spontaneous, the endometrium suffers some damage, causing the cervical opening to expand. If sexual activity, bathing, or hygiene is neglected soon after the abortion, bacteria can ascend and cause PID.

Third: Post-Gynecological Surgery

Gynecological surgeries such as curettage, tubal patency tests, hysterosalpingography, hysteroscopy, myomectomy, and ovarian cystectomy can lead to bacterial infections if not properly sterilized, if there are operational errors, or if personal hygiene is neglected or sexual activity is resumed too soon after the surgery, causing PID.

Additionally, if a patient's body resistance is poor post-surgery, making it difficult to fend off bacterial invasion, PID can quickly occur.

Fourth Stage: Active Sexual Period

Sexually active women, if engaging in unhygienic sexual practices such as multiple sexual partners, frequent intercourse, or lack of cleanliness before and after intercourse, are prone to introducing external bacteria into the vagina, leading to ascending infection to the pelvic area and causing pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).

Moreover, during sexual activity, rough movements that cause injuries to the vagina, cervix, and other areas create opportunities for bacterial invasion, thereby increasing the risk of developing PID.

Fifth Stage: Menopause

After entering menopause, women experience gradual ovarian function decline, decreased estrogen levels in the body, vaginal mucosa thinning, and reduced local resistance, making them susceptible to bacterial invasion. Additionally, women in menopause undergo gradual declines in bodily functions and weakened immune systems, further increasing the risk of PID.

In summary, women are prone to pelvic inflammatory disease during the above five stages, and special attention should be paid to prevention. By maintaining good personal hygiene habits, paying attention to sexual hygiene, and enhancing physical fitness, the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease can be effectively reduced.

Suppose symptoms such as lower abdominal pain, lumbosacral soreness, abnormal vaginal discharge, and fever occur. In that case, timely medical attention, early diagnosis, and treatment should be sought to avoid delaying the condition and causing more significant bodily harm. 

If diagnosed with chronic pelvic inflammatory disease, the herbal medicine Fuyan Pill can be taken for treatment, which can effectively kill various pathogenic bacteria and eliminate pelvic inflammatory disease. Clearing heat and detoxifying it can eliminate heat toxins in the body and alleviate symptoms such as fever and pain caused by inflammation.

You may also be interested in:

Female Attention! How To Deal With Pelvic Inflammation And Vaginitis

How Could PID Affect Menstrual Periods?

How does Fuyan Pill Take Effect on PID?

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