Cystitis is one of the most common infectious diseases in the urinary system. Almost all of them are secondary, often secondary to renal infection. It is more common in women. According to the different causes of inflammation, it can be divided into bacterial cystitis and nonbacterial cystitis.
The most common pathogen of non-specific infection of the bladder is gram-negative bacteria, accounting for more than 70%. These bacteria include Escherichia coli, Proteus, Aerobacter, paracoliform, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, etc. The second is Gram-positive cocci, the common ones are Staphylococcus and Streptococcus, and mold infection is rare. Many clinical cases are mixed infections caused by more than one bacterium.
It is a special chronic cystitis. The cause of the disease is unknown, and there is neither bacterial infection nor virus or fungus. Some people found antibodies to interstitial cystitis in the blood of patients with this disease and considered it an autoimmune disease. Others believe that this disease is related to chronic granulomatosis or that it is neuropathy.
It is common in female patients. This is due to the decomposition of urea, bacterial infection, and the alkalization of urine, which makes the inorganic salts in urine precipitate at the bottom of the bladder, showing a flaky, yellowish-white, hard, flat, or slightly elevated lesion surrounded by inflammatory mucosa.
Intravenous injection of cyclophosphamide can make the metabolites of the drug form in the liver and excrete from the bladder, stimulating the bladder mucosa and causing severe cystitis—ulcer of bladder epithelium. The capillaries in the lamina propria of the mucosa dilate, and bleeding occurs. In extreme cases, it can cause fibrosis of the lamina propria and muscles of the bladder mucosa, leading to bladder contracture, vesicoureteral reflux, and cystitis.
Radiocystitis may occur when the bladder receives radiation for months or years, and the dose exceeds 40-65Gy.
Cystitis glandularis is a rare proliferative lesion of bladder mucosa epithelium. The etiology is unknown. Most scholars believe that it is due to the development of residual embryos and metaplasia of bladder mucosa.
Cystitis is a common disease with a high incidence rate in both men and women. No matter what kind of cystitis, patients should take active treatment measures. For bacterial cystitis, choose an antibiotic that is more suitable for you to carry out antibacterial and anti-inflammatory treatment, which will have a faster effect. For nonbacterial cystitis, choose appropriate traditional Chinese medicine, such as Diuretic and Anti-inflammatory Pills, which can help eliminate symptoms.
What else should patients notice?
1. Pay attention to your diet. During the treatment of cystitis patients, it is strictly forbidden to drink wine, pepper, chicken, fish, beef, shrimp, etc., and to eat more diuretic food, such as watermelon, grapes, pineapple, celery, pears, etc.
2. Pay attention to physiology. Change your underwear frequently and wash it often. Pay attention to perineum cleaning and sexual hygiene.
3. Form good habits. You should discharge all urine every time you urinate to avoid residual urine in the bladder. It is advisable to urinate once after each sexual life.
4. Pay attention to living hygiene. Cystitis is not only a common disease for women but also men. It is often caused by unclean perineum and bacteria from the urethra retrograde upward. Therefore, the key to preventing cystitis is to keep the perineum clean.
5. Drink less coffee. Caffeine can cause bladder neck contraction and make the bladder produce spastic pain, so you should drink less coffee.
Warm tip: The common symptoms of cystitis include frequent urination, urgency, pain in urination, and blood in the urine. Cystitis does great harm to the body and is easy to recur. Therefore, people should pay attention to the daily prevention of cystitis. It is helpful to prevent and treat cystitis to develop good living habits and maintain a positive mental state. I wish everyone healthy and happy!
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