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Can Cystitis Glandularis Disease Spread?

Cystitis glandularis is an abnormal proliferation of epithelial cells in the bladder mucosa, which is confined to the bladder and can lead to an aseptic inflammatory reaction in the bladder mucosa, thus causing symptoms of frequent urination, urinary urgency, painful urination, and even urinary incontinence. Because of the cancerous potential of this disease, patients are concerned about whether it will spread.

Cystitis Glandularis

First of all, cystitis glandularis does not usually spread. The lesion in cystitis glandularis may increase in size, but it is not spreading because spreading is for tumors. Cystitis glandularis is an atypical, non-neoplastic, inflammatory change that is less prevalent and does not spread.


Secondly, a small percentage of cystitis glandularis is adenomatous changes with heavy cellular atypical hyperplasia, which tends to become cancerous. If the transformation into bladder cancer is not detected in time, it can lead to the spread of cancer cells.


Finally, in general, cystitis glandularis does not actively spread to other organs or body parts and is usually limited to the mucosal layer within the bladder. 

However, cystitis glandularis may increase the risk of other diseases.


Cystitis glandularis may lead to the formation of bladder stones. The presence of a cyst provides a favorable environment for stones to grow, as rocks can form around the cyst and grow in size. These stones can lead to urinary tract obstruction, which can cause urine retention and other complications.


Cystitis glandularis may also be associated with the development of bladder cancer. Although most cystitis glandularis does not malignate into bladder cancer, it has been shown that some cystitis glandularis lesions may be associated with the development of bladder cancer. Cysts and glandular hyperplasia increase the risk of cellular abnormalities and mutations, further promoting the possibility of cancer.

Cystitis glandularis can also cause recurrent urinary tract infections. Cysts and glandular growths provide a breeding ground for bacteria and may interfere with normal urine drainage, increasing the chance of infection. If cystitis glandularis is not treated and managed promptly and effectively, urinary tract infections may recur, leading to serious complications such as kidney infections.

Thus, cystitis glandularis does not spread, but its presence may increase the risk of other diseases. In addition, this disease itself may cause a reduction in bladder capacity, making the patient susceptible to symptoms such as frequent urination, urinary urgency, and painful urination, which can severely affect the patient's normal life. Therefore, it is vital for those suffering from cystitis glandularis to take active steps to treat and manage the condition.

If the lesion in the bladder is small in extent, the mucosal damage is not significant, and there is no obstruction, bladder irrigation can be performed. If bacterial infection is present, patients usually need antibiotic drugs. 

In addition, they can also use traditional Chinese medicine to regulate the condition, such as Diuretic and Anti-inflammatory Pill. It has antiseptic and anti-inflammatory efficacy, which can eliminate inflammation. It also has the efficacy of inducing diuresis for treating stranguria, which can relieve the symptoms of urinary discomfort. If the lesion is larger in scope and the bladder damage is more severe, surgical treatment can be considered, such as urethral electrocautery and electrocision.

To prevent recurrence, patients should also make adjustments in their daily lives, eat a reasonable diet, especially avoiding spicy and stimulating diets, and avoid drinking alcohol. Regular review and cystoscopy are particularly important. Biopsies may be taken for pathologic examination if necessary. Strict guidelines for bladder perfusion can minimize recurrence. Enhance the confidence in treatment, maintain a good state of mind and cooperate with the treatment to restore health as soon as possible.

Recommended Reading

How to Deal with the Frequent Recurrence of Cystitis Glandularis?

Treatment of Cystitis Cystica Glandularis with Natural Medicine

To Drink or Not to Drink: Alcohol Consumption for Patients with Cystitis Glandularis

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