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Brief introduction of eight kinds of antibiotic's side effects

2014-03-24
Antibiotic can treat a variety of pathogens, it is not only effective and reliable, but also safe to use. However, due to the different physique and the long-term and high doses of using, a variety of adverse reactions can also be created. 
 
(1) Allergic reaction: different people have different body conditions, so all most all drugs can cause allergic reactions and varying in degrees. The drugs that easy to cause allergic reactions or anaphylactic shock are including penicillins, cephalosporins, amino sugars, tetracyclines, chloramphenicol, lincomycin, sulfa antibiotics and so on.
 
(2) Liver damage: the antibiotic can cause the damage of liver cell or lead to the bile stasis by direct damage or allergic mechanisms. These kinds of drug mainly contain the tetracycline, chloramphenicol, erythromycin tasteless, lincomycin and so on. 
 
(3) Renal impairment: Most of antibiotics are excreted with the form of prototype or metabolites through kidneys, so the most vulnerable part in the body is kidney, for example, the amino class (Gentamyein Sulfate, etc.), sulfonamides, cephalosporins (especially the first generation), polymyxin B, amphotericin B and so on.
 
(4) The amount of leucocyte, red cell and thrombocytopenia are decreasing as well as aplastic anemia or hemolytic anemia, these are mainly seen in the treatment of chloramphenicol, antitumor antibiotics (doxorubicin), streptomycin, gentamicin, tetracycline, penicillin, cephalosporins, streptozotocin and so on. 
 
(5) The adverse gastrointestinal reactions such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal distension, diarrhea and constipation and so on. These reactions are commonly seen in tetracycline, erythromycin, lincomycin, chloramphenicol, nystatin, griseofulvin, neomycin, cephalexin benzene and so on.
 
(6) The damage of nervous system. When it put hurt on the nervous system, people usually appear the symptoms of headaches, insomnia, depression, tinnitus, deafness, dizziness and multiple neuritis, or even neuromuscular block. However, these side effects are often prevalent in the aminoglycoside antibiotics, such as streptomycin, kanamycin, gentamicin, and neomycin, polymyxin B and so on. 
 
(7) Superinfection: the long-term or high-dose use of broad-spectrum antibiotics can suppress the sensitive bacteria in the body. At the same time, the bacteria that not be inhibited then begin to make the mass production, causing the dysbacteriosis, and finally get the diseases. It is commonly seen among the elderly, young children and frail patients. These diseases can be the respiratory infections caused by candida albicans or oral-resistant staphylococcus aureus, also the sepsis usually included.
 
(8) Drug resistance: Currently, the rate of staphylococcus aureus's drug resistant to penicillin G has reached from 80% to 90%, typhoid bacilli to chloramphenicol has up to 90%. Therefore, the indications for antibiotics should be strictly controlled to avoid unreasonable abuse of antibiotics.
 
Actually, you can sometimes choose the TCM for a treatment. For the female reproductive tract diseases, you can choose the Fuyan pill rather than antibiotics or surgery. It is made of natural herbs and work without side effects, it is do well to your body and take you away from the painful suffering.

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